Designing Research Libraries for Digital Scholarship Innovation: Exploring Global Practices to Revitalise Local Strategies
Digital publishing, new business models, open access policies, and social networking have created opportunities for research libraries to engage in scholarly communication at a deeper level across the scholarly knowledge cycle. Libraries are extending their roles into repository management for a wider array of resources, and expanding into hosting and publishing books and journals. They are providing education, consultation, production, curation, and evaluation services, particularly on copyright and licensing; open access and data mandates; and author identifiers and impact. They are participating in software development, digital humanities, computational research, and advocacy for change in the scholarly communication system, collaborating locally and globally on migration to open textbooks and journals. The digital revolution has introduced new library positions, teams, and units; but there is no standard model, with significant variation in how digital scholarship is practiced, presented, prioritised, and promoted, and connected to scholarly communication. Our research offers a cross-cultural perspective on scholarly communication support, structures, strategies, staffing, and services in America, Asia, Australasia, and Europe. We provide a tour of salient examples, identifying similarities and differences, and highlighting innovative thinking and practice, to prompt reflection and encourage debate around alternative ways of fulfilling our mission in the open scholarship ecosystem.